• Topic: Health: Risk factors
  • Definition: The proportion of population at risk of impoverishing expenditure when surgical care is required. Impoverishing expenditure is defined as direct out of pocket payments for surgical and anaesthesia care which drive people below a poverty threshold (using a threshold of $1.25 PPP/day).
  • Source: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (

List of countries ordered by: Risk of impoverishing expenditure for surgical care (% of people at risk)

Source: Health Nutrition and Population Statistics - World Bank - Downloaded in August 2017